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Ky.gov An Official Website of the Commonwealth of Kentucky

Energy and Environment Cabinet

Division of Water

Division of Water
Drought Indices

Palmer Drought Severity Index
The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is compiled weekly by the Central Region Climate Prediction Center (National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service and National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration) and provided on the University of Kentucky Agricultural Weather Center's Web site.  This index is useful for placing a developing drought into context with past droughts and serves as a measure of current conditions.  The index also provides a standardized assessment of developing drought conditions that can be compared between different areas of the state or even between different states.

PDSI values can be categorized as follows:

  •  0 to -0.99       = near normal
  • -1.00 to -1.99      = mild drought
  • -2.00 to -2.99      = moderate drought
  • -3.00 to -3.99      = severe drought
  • -4.00 and below   = extreme drought

    Kentucky Climate Center Historical Drought Data
    The Western Kentucky University Kentucky Climate Center's Web site has featured interactive graphs displaying drought indices since 1895 for Kentucky's four climate divisions. Users can identify and explore the development of historically significant droughts.

    Examining the past can be a useful tool in interpreting the significance of a developing drought situation.  Comparisons of the current drought to the historical record provide a frame of reference for evaluating how serious the current drought has become, and how it might develop in the coming months.  One of the best tools to evaluate past droughts is found at the Kentucky Climate Center.  Visit this site and learn more about the history of drought in Kentucky.

    The Standardized Precipitation Index
    The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is a way of measuring drought that is different from the PDSI. Like the PDSI, this index is negative for drought and positive for wet conditions. However, the SPI is a probability index that considers only precipitation, while Palmer's indices are water balance indices that consider water supply (precipitation), demand (evapotranspiration) and loss (runoff).

    SPI - 1 Month Map

    SPI - 3 Month Map

    SPI - 6 Month Map

    SPI - 1 Month Map

    SPI - 3 Month Map

    SPI - 6 Month Map

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